The Way To Yahuweh I am Yahuweh – That is My Name
Isaiah 42:8

Dead Sea Scrolls: Isaiah Complete & More

Archive for the ‘Dead Sea Scrolls’ Category

Dead Sea Scrolls: Isaiah Complete & More

July 25th, 2013

Well it’s the usual time again: more Dead Sea Scrolls transcriptions!

TWTY has the final two manuscripts of Isaiah now online, plus the last three manuscripts of Jeremiah as well, bringing the total now to 31 complete books out of 38! (Remember, Esther was nowhere to be seen in the Dead Sea Scrolls – neither a manuscript of the book, nor a quotation of it anywhere in the non-Scriptural writings of the Dead Sea Sect.)

There’s also been a bit of “re-arranging” on TWTY: anything pertaining to the Renewed Covenant now appears on a collective page; anything regarding the Apocrypha or non-Canonical writings are on their own page; and there are two new sections: Septuagint and Tanakh

I’ll let you guess what the last two are in reference to 😉 (Also, there’s nothing yet on them)


1Q Isaiahb (1QIsab) | 4Q57 Isaiahc (4QIsac)


2Q13 Jeremiah (2QJer) | 4Q70 Jeremiaha (4QJera) | 4Q72 Jeremiahc (4QJerc)

Edit: For the above, please refer to the Downloads Page.

Dead Sea Scrolls – More Transcriptions

June 21st, 2013

Well I said I would do it, and I have! I’ve now uploaded at least one Dead Sea Scroll manuscript transcription of all the Tanakh books that were found in the Qumranic caves (all bar Esther, which the Dead Sea Scrolls community didn’t accept as Scripture).

Still a ways to go (especially for large manuscripts), but we’re definitely getting there!

Find links to all the recently uploaded Manuscripts below, but don’t forget to visit the TWTY Downloads page for the rest of them, plus downloads of all the stuff available on TWTY 🙂

2Q1 Exodusc (1QExodc) | 4Q15 Exodusd (4QExodd) | 4Q16 Exoduse (4QExode) | 4Q18 Exodusg (4QExodg) | 4Q19 Exodush (4QExodh) | 4Q21 Exodusk (1QExodk) | 7Q Septuagint Exodus (7QLXXExod)

2Q5 paleoLeviticus (2QpaleoLev) | 4Q17 Exodus-Leviticusf (4QExod-Levf) | 4Q26 Leviticusd (4QLevd) | 4Q26a Leviticuse (4QLeve) | 4Q26b Leviticusg (4QLevg) | 6Q2 paleoLeviticus (6QpaleoLev) | 4Q119 Septuagint Leviticusa (4QLXXLeva) | 4Q120 Septuagint Leviticusb (4QLXXLevb)

1Q3 paleoLeviticus-Numbers (1QpaleoLEv-Num) | 2Q6 Numbersa (2QNuma) | 2Q7 Numbersb (2QNumb) | 2Q8 Numbersc (2QNumc) | 2Q9 Numbersd (2QNumd) | Wadi Murabba’at Numbers (MurNum) | Nahal Hever Numbersa | Nahal Hever Numbersb | 4Q121 Septuagint Numbersb (4QLXXNumb)

4Q122 Septuagint Deuteronomy (4QLXXDeut)

4Q98f Psalmsw (4QPsalmsw) | 4Q98g Psalmsx (4QPsalmsx) | 5Q5 Psalms (5QPsalms) | 8Q2 Psalms (8QPsalms)

4Q71 Jeremiahb (4QJerb) | 4Q72a Jeremiahd (4QJerd) | 4Q72b Jeremiahe (4QJere)

1Q9 Ezekiel (1QEzek) | 3Q1 Ezekiel (3QEzek) | 4Q75 Ezekielc (4QEzekc) | 11Q4 Ezekiel (11QEzek)

Edit: For the above, please refer to the Downloads Page.

Dead Sea Scrolls – 19 Isaiah Manuscripts + Extra

May 22nd, 2013

Well, it’s Dead Sea Scrolls update time again: I just finished uploading another 19 Isaiah manuscripts. This brings the grand total to 20, with two more to go, which I’ll be putting on hold for a bit, as I plan on getting at least one manuscript transcription of each of the other remaining books online in the upcoming future.

There are at least 7 books that I haven’t uploaded any manuscript transcription of just yet (The other remaining “Major Prophets” Jeremiah and Ezekiel; along with Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy, as well as the Psalms), and as I dislike seeing the None as of yet text on TWTY’s Downloads Page, I’ll be seeking to rectify that this summer 🙂

I’ve also uploaded a new edited form of the Greek text to The Gospel of Peter, thanks to a new book I purchased recently that had an up-to-date transcription of several GoP manuscripts (Andrew Bernhard, Other Early Christian Gospels: A Critical Edition of the Surviving Greek Manuscripts (T&T Clark Biblical Studies, 2007))

As usual, find all manuscript transcriptions on the Downloads Page, plus a few quick links below 🙂

Dead Sea Scroll Isaiah Manuscripts
1Q Isaiaha (1QIsaa) | 1Q8 Isaiah (1QIsaiah) | 4Q55 Isaiaha (4QIsaa) | 4Q56 Isaiahb (4QIsab) | 4Q58 Isaiahd (4QIsad) | 4Q59 Isaiahe (4QIsae) | 4Q60 Isaiahf (4QIsaf) | 4Q61 Isaiahg (4QIsag) | 4Q62 Isaiahh (4QIsah) | 4Q62a Isaiahi (4QIsai) | 4Q63 Isaiahj (4QIsaj) | 4Q64 Isaiahk (4QIsak) | 4Q65 Isaiahl (4QIsal) | 4Q66 Isaiahm (4QIsam) | 4Q67 Isaiahn (4QIsan) | 4Q68 Isaiaho (4QIsao) | 4Q69 papIsaiahp (4QpapIsap) | 4Q69a Isaiahq (4QIsaq) | 4Q69b Isaiahr (4QIsar) | 5Q3 Isaiah (5QIsa)

Gospel of Peter
Gospel of Peter: Greek Version | Gospel of Peter: Greek-English Version

Edit: For the above, please refer to the Downloads Page.

Dead Sea Scrolls – The Great Isaiah Scroll

May 8th, 2013

Quite probably the most famous Dead Sea Scroll of them all – The Great Isaiah Scroll – has now been transcribed and compared with the Masoretic text of the Lenningrad/Aleppo Codices, and uploaded onto TWTY.

Out of the 1291 verses that comprise the Book of Isaiah (Yasha’Yahu) in the Hebrew (English versions usually have 1292 verses), only 77 of the verses have not changed between The Great Isaiah Scroll and those found in the Lenningrad/Aleppo Codices that the Masoretes produced in the 11th-12th Centuries. That means that less than 6% of the verses have not changed.

If you think the Masoretes accurately copied their Hebrew texts letter by letter and word for word – think again 🙂

The Great Isaiah Scroll (1QIsaa)

TWTY Downloads Page

Dead Sea Scrolls – Genesis

April 19th, 2013

Yup. It’s that time again – Dead Sea Scrolls Manuscript transcriptions!

I have completed all those manuscripts containing the Book of Genesis/Bereshiyth.

Please find the usual links on the Downloads Page, as well as some quick links below 🙂

1Q1 Genesis (1QGen) | 2Q1 Genesis (2QGen) | 4Q1 Genesis-Exodusa (4QGen-Exoda) | 4Q2 Genesisb (4QGenb) | 4Q3 Genesisc (4QGenc) | 4Q4 Genesisd (4QGend) | 4Q5 Genesise (4QGene) | 4Q6 Genesisf (4QGenf) | 4Q7 Genesisg (4QGeng) | 4Q8 Genesish1 (4QGenh1) | 4Q8a Genesish2 (4QGenh2) | 4Q8b Genesish-para (4QGenh-para) | 4Q9 Genesisj (4QGenj) | 4Q10 Genesisk (4QGenk) | 4Q11 paleoGenesis-Exodusl (4QpaleoGen-Exodl) | 4Q12 paleoGenesism (4QGenm) | 4Q483 Genesis (4Q483Gen) | 4Q576 Genesisn (4QGenn) | 6Q1 paleoGenesis (6QGen) | 8Q1 Genesis (8QGen)

Full Collection
Full collection of Genesis Manuscripts

Edit: For the above, please refer to the Downloads Page.

Update! Job & Song of Songs

January 27th, 2013

Okay – these are the last batch of the “small” Tanakh book Dead Sea Scrolls transcriptions before tackling the much larger books.

Among the Dead Sea Scrolls, there are four manuscripts for the books of Job and Song of Songs – with Song of Songs (a.k.a Canticles) being quite well preserved, but only several words of several verses from 10 of the 42 chapters of Job being preserved for over 2000 years.

The most interesting manuscript is the one named 4Q101 paleoJobc, which, as its name suggests, is written in Paleo Hebrew, not the Phoenician “square” Hebrew script.

As usual, find all Dead Sea Scrolls transcriptions on the TWTY Downloads page 🙂

2Q15 Job (2QJob) | 4Q99 Joba (4QJoba) | 4Q100 Jobb (4QJobb) | 4Q101 paleoJobc (4QpaleoJobc)

Song of Songs (Canticles)
4Q106 Canticlesa (4Q Canticlesa) | 4Q107 Canticlesb (4Q Canticlesb) | 4Q108 Canticlesc (4Q Canticlesc) | 6Q6 Canticles (6Q Canticles)

Edit: For the above, please refer to the Downloads Page.

Dead Sea Scrolls Update – Four Complete Books

January 4th, 2013

Yes, it’s Dead Sea Scrolls update time again.

TWTY has got four books completed for you this time: Daniel, Ecclesiastes/Qohelet, Ezra, and Lamentations!

This therefore leaves just one of the “smaller” books left to do (Song of Songs, which also happens to be quite well preserved), before TWTY starts tackling the much, much larger Prophetic books, as well as the “Poetic” books of the Psalms and Job, culminating in the Five books of Moses/the Torah.

I do actually plan on finishing the Dead Sea Scrolls transcriptions this year, so I’d better start cracking on with them, once this is posted! 🙂

TWTY Downloads Page

1Q71 Daniela (1QDana) | 1Q72 Danielb (1QDanb) | 4Q112 Daniela (4QDana) | 4Q113 Danielb (4QDanb) | 4Q114 Danielc (4QDanc) | 4Q115 Danield (4QDand) | 4Q116 Daniele (4QDane) | 6Q7 papDaniel (6QpapDan)

4Q109 Ecclesiastesa (4QQoha) | 4Q110 Ecclesiastesb (4QQohb)

4Q117 (4QEzra)

3Q3 Lamentations (3QLam) | 4Q111 Lamentations (4QLam) | 5Q6 Lamentationsa (5QLama) | 5Q7 Lamentationsb (5QLamb)

Edit: For the above, please refer to the Downloads Page.

Dead Sea Scrolls Update – Joshua and Judges

December 4th, 2012

Group of five Dead Sea Scrolls manuscripts for you all today – three of the Book of Judges (1Q6 Judges (1QJudg), 4Q49 Judgesa (4QJudga), & 4Q50 Judgesb (4QJudgb)); and the only two scrolls containing text from the Book of Joshua (4Q47 Joshuaa (4QJosha) & 4Q48 Joshuab (4QJoshb)).

There are some very interesting things contained in the two, fragmentary scrolls of the Book of Joshua. I’ll let you discover for yourselves to what I refer 🙂

Downloads Page

1Q6 Judges (1QJudg) | 4Q49 Judgesa (4QJudga) | 4Q50 Judgesb (4QJudgb)

4Q47 Joshuaa (4QJosha) | 4Q48 Joshuab (4QJoshb)

Edit: For the above, please refer to the Downloads Page.

Dead Sea Scrolls Update – 2 Samuel & Full Manuscripts

November 27th, 2012

It may’ve taken a while, but I’ve finally got through the transcription and comparison of the manuscript named 4Q51 Samuela (4QSama) with regards to its text of 2 Samuel, as well as the two smaller manuscripts 4Q53 Samuelc (4QSamc) and 1Q7 Samuel (1QSam). As all three manuscript contain text from 1 Samuel and 2 Samuel, I’ve also completed full manuscript transcriptions of them all.

This therefore concludes the transcription of all manuscripts containing the books of 1 & 2 Samuel, which have been collected into a handy, all-in-one downloadable RAR file available from the Downloads Page.

This also means I only have manuscripts from 16 Scriptural books from the Dead Sea Scrolls left to do!

…they do however happen to be the largest books with the largest amounts of manuscripts for each book left, not to mention the fact that I’ll also be providing transcriptions for the other books from the Dead Sea Scrolls that didn’t make it into the major “Bible Canon” (namely Enoch, Jubilees, Tobit, and Ben Sirach).

Oh well 🙂

Downloads Page

2 Samuel Only

1Q7 2 Samuel | 4Q51 2 Samuela (4QSama) | 4Q53 2 Samuelc (4QSamc)

Full Manuscripts

1Q7 Samuel (1QSam) – Full | 4Q51 Samuelc (4QSamc) | 4Q53 Samuelc (4QSamc)

All Samuel Manuscripts RAR

Edit: For all the above, please refer to the Downloads Page

Dead Sea Scrolls Update – 1 Samuel

September 29th, 2012

Some more Dead Sea Scrolls transcriptions for everyone today. I’ve completed the four manuscripts of the book of 1 Samuel found among the Dead Sea Scrolls: 1Q7 Samuel (1QSam), 4Q51 Samuela (4QSama), 4Q52 Samuelb (4QSamb) & 4Q53 Samuelc (4QSamc).

Thanks to these four manuscripts, at least some of the text from 30 of the 31 chapters of 1 Samuel have been preserved (missing text from chapter 13), showing us what the text of this historical book looked like over 2000 years ago.

One of the most striking things about these manuscripts are their correlations with the text of the Greek Septuagint (translated around 250-200 BCE) compared to that of the Masoretic text (produced 1000+ CE). Striking enough were these similarities/correlations of the text, that the scholars who produced The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible were led to declare the following:

These manuscripts have also helped to realign scholars’ assessments of the value of the ancient Septuagint translation. Traditionally, when the Septuagint differed from the Masoretic Text (which had been considered the Hebrew original), the Septuagint was routinely thought to be a “free” translation (or even a paraphrase, or just plain wrong). The Hebrew manuscripts of Samuel found at Qumran, however, very often agree with the Septuagint when it differs from the Masoretic Text. This demonstrates that the Septuagint was translated from a Hebrew text form similar to that of the Qumran manuscripts. The problem in assessing the Septuagint, as with so many historical documents, had been with scholars’ vision and criteria, not with the data… the important lesson here is that the Septuagint is not a free or false rendering, but rather a generally [trustworthy] translation of its Hebrew source.

Summary: the Greek Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Tanakh actually demonstrates an older Hebrew version than the Masoretic. The problem wasn’t the Septuagint – but the Masoretic, which isn’t as close to the original Hebrew that people thought.

1Q7 Samuel (1QSam)
4Q51 Samuela (4QSama)
4Q52 Samuelb (4QSamb)
4Q53 Samuelc (4QSamc)

Edit: For all the above, please refer to the Downloads Page