The Way To Yahuweh

I am Yahuweh - That is My Name
Isaiah 42:8

Archive for the ‘Transcription’ Category

Update! Job & Song of Songs

January 27th, 2013

Okay – these are the last batch of the “small” Tanakh book Dead Sea Scrolls transcriptions before tackling the much larger books.

Among the Dead Sea Scrolls, there are four manuscripts for the books of Job and Song of Songs – with Song of Songs (a.k.a Canticles) being quite well preserved, but only several words of several verses from 10 of the 42 chapters of Job being preserved for over 2000 years.

The most interesting manuscript is the one named 4Q101 paleoJobc, which, as its name suggests, is written in Paleo Hebrew, not the Phoenician “square” Hebrew script.

As usual, find all Dead Sea Scrolls transcriptions on the TWTY Downloads page 🙂

Job
2Q15 Job (2QJob) | 4Q99 Joba (4QJoba) | 4Q100 Jobb (4QJobb) | 4Q101 paleoJobc (4QpaleoJobc)

Song of Songs (Canticles)
4Q106 Canticlesa (4Q Canticlesa) | 4Q107 Canticlesb (4Q Canticlesb) | 4Q108 Canticlesc (4Q Canticlesc) | 6Q6 Canticles (6Q Canticles)

Edit: For the above, please refer to the Downloads Page.

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Dead Sea Scrolls Update – Four Complete Books

January 4th, 2013

Yes, it’s Dead Sea Scrolls update time again.

TWTY has got four books completed for you this time: Daniel, Ecclesiastes/Qohelet, Ezra, and Lamentations!

This therefore leaves just one of the “smaller” books left to do (Song of Songs, which also happens to be quite well preserved), before TWTY starts tackling the much, much larger Prophetic books, as well as the “Poetic” books of the Psalms and Job, culminating in the Five books of Moses/the Torah.

I do actually plan on finishing the Dead Sea Scrolls transcriptions this year, so I’d better start cracking on with them, once this is posted! 🙂

TWTY Downloads Page

Daniel
1Q71 Daniela (1QDana) | 1Q72 Danielb (1QDanb) | 4Q112 Daniela (4QDana) | 4Q113 Danielb (4QDanb) | 4Q114 Danielc (4QDanc) | 4Q115 Danield (4QDand) | 4Q116 Daniele (4QDane) | 6Q7 papDaniel (6QpapDan)

Ecclesiastes/Qohelet
4Q109 Ecclesiastesa (4QQoha) | 4Q110 Ecclesiastesb (4QQohb)

Ezra
4Q117 (4QEzra)

Lamentations
3Q3 Lamentations (3QLam) | 4Q111 Lamentations (4QLam) | 5Q6 Lamentationsa (5QLama) | 5Q7 Lamentationsb (5QLamb)

Edit: For the above, please refer to the Downloads Page.

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Dead Sea Scrolls Update – Joshua and Judges

December 4th, 2012

Group of five Dead Sea Scrolls manuscripts for you all today – three of the Book of Judges (1Q6 Judges (1QJudg), 4Q49 Judgesa (4QJudga), & 4Q50 Judgesb (4QJudgb)); and the only two scrolls containing text from the Book of Joshua (4Q47 Joshuaa (4QJosha) & 4Q48 Joshuab (4QJoshb)).

There are some very interesting things contained in the two, fragmentary scrolls of the Book of Joshua. I’ll let you discover for yourselves to what I refer 🙂

Downloads Page

Judges
1Q6 Judges (1QJudg) | 4Q49 Judgesa (4QJudga) | 4Q50 Judgesb (4QJudgb)

Joshua
4Q47 Joshuaa (4QJosha) | 4Q48 Joshuab (4QJoshb)

Edit: For the above, please refer to the Downloads Page.

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Dead Sea Scrolls Update – 2 Samuel & Full Manuscripts

November 27th, 2012

It may’ve taken a while, but I’ve finally got through the transcription and comparison of the manuscript named 4Q51 Samuela (4QSama) with regards to its text of 2 Samuel, as well as the two smaller manuscripts 4Q53 Samuelc (4QSamc) and 1Q7 Samuel (1QSam). As all three manuscript contain text from 1 Samuel and 2 Samuel, I’ve also completed full manuscript transcriptions of them all.

This therefore concludes the transcription of all manuscripts containing the books of 1 & 2 Samuel, which have been collected into a handy, all-in-one downloadable RAR file available from the Downloads Page.

This also means I only have manuscripts from 16 Scriptural books from the Dead Sea Scrolls left to do!

…they do however happen to be the largest books with the largest amounts of manuscripts for each book left, not to mention the fact that I’ll also be providing transcriptions for the other books from the Dead Sea Scrolls that didn’t make it into the major “Bible Canon” (namely Enoch, Jubilees, Tobit, and Ben Sirach).

Oh well 🙂

Downloads Page

2 Samuel Only

1Q7 2 Samuel | 4Q51 2 Samuela (4QSama) | 4Q53 2 Samuelc (4QSamc)

Full Manuscripts

1Q7 Samuel (1QSam) – Full | 4Q51 Samuelc (4QSamc) | 4Q53 Samuelc (4QSamc)

All Samuel Manuscripts RAR

Edit: For all the above, please refer to the Downloads Page

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Dead Sea Scrolls Update – 1 Samuel

September 29th, 2012

Some more Dead Sea Scrolls transcriptions for everyone today. I’ve completed the four manuscripts of the book of 1 Samuel found among the Dead Sea Scrolls: 1Q7 Samuel (1QSam), 4Q51 Samuela (4QSama), 4Q52 Samuelb (4QSamb) & 4Q53 Samuelc (4QSamc).

Thanks to these four manuscripts, at least some of the text from 30 of the 31 chapters of 1 Samuel have been preserved (missing text from chapter 13), showing us what the text of this historical book looked like over 2000 years ago.

One of the most striking things about these manuscripts are their correlations with the text of the Greek Septuagint (translated around 250-200 BCE) compared to that of the Masoretic text (produced 1000+ CE). Striking enough were these similarities/correlations of the text, that the scholars who produced The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible were led to declare the following:

These manuscripts have also helped to realign scholars’ assessments of the value of the ancient Septuagint translation. Traditionally, when the Septuagint differed from the Masoretic Text (which had been considered the Hebrew original), the Septuagint was routinely thought to be a “free” translation (or even a paraphrase, or just plain wrong). The Hebrew manuscripts of Samuel found at Qumran, however, very often agree with the Septuagint when it differs from the Masoretic Text. This demonstrates that the Septuagint was translated from a Hebrew text form similar to that of the Qumran manuscripts. The problem in assessing the Septuagint, as with so many historical documents, had been with scholars’ vision and criteria, not with the data… the important lesson here is that the Septuagint is not a free or false rendering, but rather a generally [trustworthy] translation of its Hebrew source.

Summary: the Greek Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Tanakh actually demonstrates an older Hebrew version than the Masoretic. The problem wasn’t the Septuagint – but the Masoretic, which isn’t as close to the original Hebrew that people thought.

1Q7 Samuel (1QSam)
4Q51 Samuela (4QSama)
4Q52 Samuelb (4QSamb)
4Q53 Samuelc (4QSamc)

Edit: For all the above, please refer to the Downloads Page

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TWTY Update – Dead Sea Scrolls

June 5th, 2012

It’s been quite a while since I’ve posted an update to TWTY. There are a few reasons for this:

1) I moved into my own house *yay* – means I’ve had to spend time moving, sorting stuff out, and basically, spending a whole load of money I don’t particularly have on furniture, as well as household bills

2) I started a new, full-time job*yay* – this means I’ve been busy with work, not only at our office, but also at home too.

Both 1) & 2) lead to *nay* – meaning I’ve not had as much time I have had over the last couple of years to do stuff when I want to do them.

Never fear though – I’m not one to take a long break, and I’ve been continuing most of my projects here on TWTY. This first update this month is some more Dead Sea Scrolls transcriptions (woo), comprising the books of 1 & 2 Kings, 2 Chronicles (no manuscript of 1 Chronicles was found among the DSS), and proverbs. They are the following:

6Q4papKings – Containing the Books of 1 & 2 Kings (fragmentary condition)
4Q188 Chronicles – Containing the Book of 2 Chronicles (1 Chronicles not being extant on any manuscript found among the Dead Sea Scrolls)
4Q102Prova – Containing Chapters from the Book of Proverbs (fragmentary condition)
4Q103Provb – Containing Chapters from the Book of Proverbs (fragmentary condition)

As usual, these are all available from the Downloads Page, which also has a link to it to the right 🙂

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Dead Sea Scrolls Transcriptions: Wadi Sdeir Genesis

February 4th, 2012

Just a quick update today. I was asked to do this for a friend, so I took the time today to get it done. It’s not all that large, mainly due to the fact that the manuscripts found are essentially 4 fragments of a much larger scroll that unfortunately has been lost over time.

But who knows. Maybe some more pieces from this manuscript shall be identified from the several hundred from the Dead Sea Scrolls that they’ve yet to identify 🙂

There is a direct link to the transcription below, and it is also easily accessible from the Downloads Page, which is also linked to in the sidebar to the right-hand side of this page 🙂

Wadi Sdeir (Sdeir 1) – Genesis Text

Edit: For the above, please refer to the Downloads Page.

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