The Way To Yahuweh I am Yahuweh – That is My Name
Isaiah 42:8

Dead Sea Scrolls Update – 1 Samuel

Posts Tagged ‘update’

Dead Sea Scrolls Update – 1 Samuel

September 29th, 2012

Some more Dead Sea Scrolls transcriptions for everyone today. I’ve completed the four manuscripts of the book of 1 Samuel found among the Dead Sea Scrolls: 1Q7 Samuel (1QSam), 4Q51 Samuela (4QSama), 4Q52 Samuelb (4QSamb) & 4Q53 Samuelc (4QSamc).

Thanks to these four manuscripts, at least some of the text from 30 of the 31 chapters of 1 Samuel have been preserved (missing text from chapter 13), showing us what the text of this historical book looked like over 2000 years ago.

One of the most striking things about these manuscripts are their correlations with the text of the Greek Septuagint (translated around 250-200 BCE) compared to that of the Masoretic text (produced 1000+ CE). Striking enough were these similarities/correlations of the text, that the scholars who produced The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible were led to declare the following:

These manuscripts have also helped to realign scholars’ assessments of the value of the ancient Septuagint translation. Traditionally, when the Septuagint differed from the Masoretic Text (which had been considered the Hebrew original), the Septuagint was routinely thought to be a “free” translation (or even a paraphrase, or just plain wrong). The Hebrew manuscripts of Samuel found at Qumran, however, very often agree with the Septuagint when it differs from the Masoretic Text. This demonstrates that the Septuagint was translated from a Hebrew text form similar to that of the Qumran manuscripts. The problem in assessing the Septuagint, as with so many historical documents, had been with scholars’ vision and criteria, not with the data… the important lesson here is that the Septuagint is not a free or false rendering, but rather a generally [trustworthy] translation of its Hebrew source.

Summary: the Greek Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Tanakh actually demonstrates an older Hebrew version than the Masoretic. The problem wasn’t the Septuagint – but the Masoretic, which isn’t as close to the original Hebrew that people thought.

1Q7 Samuel (1QSam)
4Q51 Samuela (4QSama)
4Q52 Samuelb (4QSamb)
4Q53 Samuelc (4QSamc)

Edit: For all the above, please refer to the Downloads Page

TWTY Update – Dead Sea Scrolls

June 5th, 2012

It’s been quite a while since I’ve posted an update to TWTY. There are a few reasons for this:

1) I moved into my own house *yay* – means I’ve had to spend time moving, sorting stuff out, and basically, spending a whole load of money I don’t particularly have on furniture, as well as household bills

2) I started a new, full-time job*yay* – this means I’ve been busy with work, not only at our office, but also at home too.

Both 1) & 2) lead to *nay* – meaning I’ve not had as much time I have had over the last couple of years to do stuff when I want to do them.

Never fear though – I’m not one to take a long break, and I’ve been continuing most of my projects here on TWTY. This first update this month is some more Dead Sea Scrolls transcriptions (woo), comprising the books of 1 & 2 Kings, 2 Chronicles (no manuscript of 1 Chronicles was found among the DSS), and proverbs. They are the following:

6Q4papKings – Containing the Books of 1 & 2 Kings (fragmentary condition)
4Q188 Chronicles – Containing the Book of 2 Chronicles (1 Chronicles not being extant on any manuscript found among the Dead Sea Scrolls)
4Q102Prova – Containing Chapters from the Book of Proverbs (fragmentary condition)
4Q103Provb – Containing Chapters from the Book of Proverbs (fragmentary condition)

As usual, these are all available from the Downloads Page, which also has a link to it to the right 🙂

Revelation: Greek-English Interlinear

November 27th, 2011

New update for TWTY today: A Greek-English Interlinear of the Greek Basis of the translation of the Book of Revelation in PDF form, all 96 pages of it 🙂

Please remember that a Greek-English Interlinear is NOT a translation, so it should not be used as such. Interlinears should only be used for looking up what a word means by itself, not necessarily how it is used in the context of the sentence that it is in 🙂

The Way to Yahuweh PDF downloads page: Greek-English Interlinears

Section Complete: Greek Basis

October 29th, 2011

Something else I can cross off my to-do list.

I’ve finally completed the Greek Basis pages/pdf files for MattithYah (Matthew), Lucus (Luke) and Acts, therefore completing them all! This therefore means I have all the underlying Greek words for people to look at so they can check the translation seen here on TWTY. Consequently, I now also have the ability to make Greek-English Interlinear’s for all of the books as well 🙂

As usual, any and all PDF’s on TWTY can be downloads from the Downloads page, and quicklinks to the online webpages are on the sidebar to the right 🙂

MattithYah/Matthew Greek Basis
Lucus/Luke Greek Basis
Acts Greek Basis

Dead Sea Scrolls – Complete Amos & Malachi Texts

September 20th, 2011

Dead Sea Scrolls update time again. The short book of Malachi (3 Chapters) is contained in two Dead Sea Scrolls Manuscripts – 4Q76a (4QXIIa) and 4Q78c (4QXIIc), although neither of these two manuscripts contain any text from Chapter 1 (4Q78c (4QXIIc) actually only has chapter 3 verses 6 & 7 extant, and then in fragmentary form!).

Amos however, containing 9 chapters, is a bit more complete among the Dead Sea Scrolls being contained in four manuscripts: 4Q78c (4QXIIc), 4Q82g (4QXIIg), 5Q4Amos (5QAmos) and Wadi Murabba’at (MurXII). These four manuscripts contain text from all of the 9 chapters, although not every word is extant. Nevertheless, Amos does come down to us from these 2000+ year old scrolls in a near-complete form 🙂

4Q76a/4QXIIa Malachi | 4Q78c/4QXIIc Malachi

4Q78c/4QXIIc Amos | 4Q82g/4QXIIg Amos | 5Q4Amos/5QAmos Amos | Wadi Murabba’at/MurXII Amos

Edit: For the above, please refer to the Downloads Page.

Dead Sea Scrolls – Complete Haggai Text

September 1st, 2011

The short book of Haggai appears in three of the Dead Sea Scrolls Manuscripts – Wadi Murabba’at Minor Prophets (MurXII); 4Q77b (4QXIIb); and 4Q80e (4QXIIe). So as usual, I have transcribed and uploaded all three of them onto the website 🙂

(For people that haven’t realised, there are certain “key codes” for the Dead Sea Scroll’s Manuscripts. 4Q stands for “Fourth Qumran Cave” (so therefore “2Q” would stand for “Second Qumran Cave” and so on and so forth), and manuscripts with XII in their title stand for “Twelve” and so refer to “The Twelve Minor Prophets”).

Wadi Murabba’at/MurXII | 4Q77b/4QXIIb | 4Q80e/4QXIIe

Edit: For the above, please refer to the Downloads Page.

Dead Sea Scrolls – Complete Zechariah Text

August 30th, 2011

I’ve just finished uploading transcriptions of the 5 manuscripts that contain text from the book of Zechariah among the Dead Sea Scrolls: Wadi Murabba’at; 4Q76a (4QXIIa); 4Q80e(4QXIIe); 4Q82g (4QXIIg); and Nahal Hever Greek Minor Prophets Scroll (8HevXIIgr).

As it happens, this therefore means that I’ve transcribed the whole of the Nahal Hever Greek Minor Prophets Scroll (8HevXIIgr), and so I have combined all of the transcriptions into one volume of the Nahal Hever Greek Minor Prophets Scroll (8HevXIIgr) in PDF form. Previous to the free transcription now available on TWTY, peoples only access to such a complete transcription would be if they bought the $175+ book Discoveries in the Judaean Desert: Volume VIII. The Greek Minor Prophets Scroll from Nahal Hever (8HevXIIgr), which is, as far as I’m concerned, far too expensive of a book to get.

Well, now people have it for free 🙂

Wadi Murabba’at/MurXII | Nahal Hever Greek Minor Prophets/8HevXIIgr | 4Q76a/4QXIIa | 4Q80e/4QXIIe | 4Q82g/4QXIIg

Full Nahal Hever Greek Minor Prophets (8HevXIIgr) Transcription |
ZIP file containing All PDF’s regarding the Nahal Hever Greek Minor Prophets Scroll (8HevXIIgr)

Edit: For the above, please refer to the Downloads Page.

Dead Sea Scrolls – Jonah Text

August 12th, 2011

Transcriptions of all the Dead Sea Scrolls manuscripts regarding the Book of Jonah should now be up on the website.

There are five manuscripts in total: Wadi Murabba’at (MurXII), Nahal Hever Greek Minor Prophets (8HevXIIgr), 4Q76a (4QXIIa), 4Q81f (4QXIIf), and 4Q82g (4QXIIg). Pretty much nearly every single word of the Book of Jonah is extant. Well, at least every verse is accounted for 🙂

Wadi Murabba’at/MurXII | Nahal Hever Greek Minor Prophets/8HevXIIgr | 4Q76a/4QXIIa | 4Q81f/4QXIIf | 4Q82g/4QXIIg

Edit: For the above, please refer to the Downloads Page.

Dead Sea Scrolls – Zephaniah Text

August 8th, 2011

I have now uploaded PDF’s of the text of Zephaniah as found in the Dead Sea Scrolls manuscripts: Wadi Murabba’at; Nahal Hever Greek Minor Prophets 8HevXIIgr; 4Q77b/4QXIIb; 4Q78c/4QXIIc; and 4Q82g/4QXIIg. That’s now 4 of the 12 Minor Prophets completed, all with comparisons against the accepted text of the Greek Septuagint and Masoretic Hebrew 🙂

Wadi Murabba’at | Nahal Hever Greek Minor Prophets 8HevXIIgr | 4Q77b/4QXIIb | 4Q78c/4QXIIc | 4Q82g/4QXIIg

Edit: For the above, please refer to the Downloads Page.

(As a little funny aside, I was reading along in The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible as I was doing Zephaniah, and in their introduction to Zephaniah, the scholars who did the translation start off with “The four short chapters of Zephaniah are well attested in the scrolls…” The funny thing is, there’s actually only three chapters in Zephaniah, not four 🙂 )

Dead Sea Scrolls – Habakkuk Texts

August 3rd, 2011

All of the Dead Sea Scrolls Scriptural manuscripts regarding the text of the book of Habakkuk should now be online on the Research Page in PDF form.

There is an extensive Pesher text on the Book of Habakkuk (probably the largest Pesher text on one of the Minor prophets found at Qumran) which I may put online in the future, although there is a translation of the actual text in the Pesher to be found in Geza Vermes The Complete Dead Sea Scrolls In English for people to read 🙂

Anyway, here are the direct links:

Wadi Murabba’at Habakkuk | 4Q82g Habakkuk | Nahal Hever Greek Minor Prophets 8HevXIIgr Habakkuk

Edit: For the above, please refer to the Downloads Page.